One of your primary roles as a homeowner is to maintain the furnace. For you to keep your appliance in top shape, HVAC companies recommend that you have a furnace maintenance checklist. Here are some of the things you should do to your unit to keep it in good shape:
Clean the furnace
This is the most basic practice that you should do. You should sweep or vacuum the dust from around the furnace and registers to allow air to flow freely. Using a vacuum, clean the burners and around the base of the furnace. You should use a flashlight to identify any soot that might have collected. If there is any present, it means that your unit has poor combustion.
For you to access the insides of the furnace, remove the bolts securing the blower and gently lift it out. Using a small brush and vacuum, clean the blower blades. Also, remember to clean the blower compartment by removing the lower door.
You also should pay attention to the belts and pulleys leading to the blower. You should carefully clean the belts while at the same time inspecting them for any issues they might be having.
You can give your furnace a perfect look even with basic maintenance skills, but if you aren’t confident in your skills, you should hire a furnace professional to help you out.
Replace the filters
All furnaces have filters that filter the air getting into the furnace. With time, the filters get dirty preventing adequate air from getting into the furnace. This puts a strain on the blower motor which forces the furnace to work harder than it should.
As you might have guessed, this not only leads to the furnace consuming a lot of energy to keep the house warm, it also tends to lower the lifespan of the appliance.
At least once a month, inspect the filters and if dirty, clean them. For you to access them you need to open the filter access and remove the filter. If you can clean the filter, you should go ahead but if it’s too dirty or damaged, you have no way out other than to replace it.
When replacing it, you need to pay attention to the size and type of the filter. When buying the new unit, invest in a high-quality one that will last for a long time. A high-quality filter also tends to greatly contribute towards an efficient heating system.
The frequency at which you clean or replace the filter depends on how you use it. If you have pets or smoke inside the house, you should change the filter every month regardless of the type of filter that you have installed in your home.
Undertake regular furnace inspections
In addition to cleaning the furnace, you also need to regularly inspect the unit to ensure that everything is running optimally. Some of the areas you need to inspect include:
Combustion air opening: Check whether the air openings are blocked or restricted. If they are, you have to unblock them.
Flue pipe: Inspect the flue pipe for corrosion or leaks
Pilot: You need to find out whether it has any dust. If there is dust, you should use a straw to remove as much of it as possible. You also should use an emery cloth to clean the flame sensor.
Drive belt: You need to inspect the belt for any cracks or frayed edges. If they are there, you should replace it to avoid accidents in the future.
Vents: Is there rust and leaky water on the vents? You need to look out for this. If there is, get rid of it as soon as possible. In some cases, you may have to replace the vents especially if the damage is extensive.
Drain lines: You need to check the drain lines to ensure that they are clear and draining properly. If they aren’t, contact a furnace service Long Island professional to inspect the unit and fix the problem.
Thermostat: The thermostat is one of the most important parts of the furnace as it controls how the furnace works. Inspect the furnace to ensure that it’s properly calibrated. You also should inspect the batteries and ensure that they are working properly.